Prevention

Secondary Prevention

Secondary prevention consists in, on the one hand, providing intraining to individuals on various themes related to the problem of work-related mental health and, on the other, helping them to develop individual adjustment strategies to better manage hazardous situations. Among other things, awareness activities can help to make individuals aware of the factors that can be harmful to their mental health. Skills development programs are aimed at improving the knowledge and abilities of employees and managers to help them manage work requirements more effectively either by improving their adjustment strategies to deal with stress (e.g., time management, cognitive restructuring), or relieving the symptoms of stress (e.g., relaxation, physical exercise). This process does not change the organization in any way; it is essentially aimed at damage control. The following are a few examples of these interventions, the content and form of which may vary considerably :

 

 

 EXAMPLES OF SECONDARY PREVENTION STRATEGIES
Awareness activitiesThese are simple activities, but ones that can help to raise awareness among workers. They may include e-mail memos, “lunch and learn” sessions, workshops, or seminars on work-related mental health.
Skills development programs 

These are programs offered by the organization to help strengthen the resources of individuals and thus increase their level of resistance to situations that could give rise to work-related mental health problems. They generally involve four types of activities.  

  • Relaxation activities which consist mainly of sessions on meditation and breathing or any other form of activity that can help relieve tension.

  • Cognitive restructuring activities which lead individuals to realize that they can change their perceptions and reactions to different hazardous situations and thus lessen their impact.

  • Activities that promote lifestyle change, for example, seminars on the management of time, stress or conflicts.

  • Activities aimed at improving the overall health of individuals through physical exercise, healthy eating habits and exercises to promote restorative sleep, etc.

 

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